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Excerpts from:Quitting Cigarettes May Be Harder for Women
By Keith Mulvihill [05/03/01] Quitting Cigarettes May Be Harder for Women
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Women may have a tougher time
kicking their smoking habits compared with men, according to a
In general, women are more concerned than men about possible
gain and women are more likely than men to have a history of major
depression, which is related to poor success rates for quitting, explained
study author Dr. Kenneth A. Perkins of the University of Pittsburgh
School of Medicine. What's more, women may get less support from their
partners when it comes time to quit.
Perkins reviewed past studies that examined the success rates
methods devised to help people quit smoking. He found that women
seemed to have a harder time quitting the habit, according to a report in
the May issue of the journal CNS Drugs. The study findings suggest that
women may be more sensitive to ``smoking cues'' and less vulnerable to
the actual chemical addition to nicotine.
Smoking cues are those times and places that can trigger a craving
cigarettes, such as drinking a cup of coffee, feeling stressed out or seeing
other people light up.
Nevertheless, Perkins pointed out that smoking cues are likely
to be a
person's greatest downfall when it comes to succeeding in their quest for
``Cues are what make any smoker want to smoke, especially if
recently quit,'' he said. ``Most people relapse well after the withdrawal
phase of quitting, which occurs within the first week or two, and most
relapses occur many months later.''
Perkins found that some smoking cessation techniques are more
successful in men than in women.
It appears that nicotine replacement systems such as the gum
or the patch
may be less effective in women than men, ``and many studies confirm
this,'' he noted.
SOURCE: CNS Drugs 2001;15:391-411.
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